Public Transport

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Public transport in the Netherlands is a good way of travelling longer distances. Buses in Eindhoven run fairly frequently, and will take you to most areas of the city. NS (Nederlands Spoorwegen, Dutch Railways) is the agency in charge of the trains, and thus is your main way of getting from city to city in the Netherlands.

Tickets

Tickets can be bought in the station or in the bus with a Dutch debit card (see Bank), but you will have to pay for the full trip fare and not the distance to your destination. It is highly recommended to buy an #OV-chipkaart if you want to travel around the Netherlands because it is cheaper in the end.
The Dutch public transport works on a check-in-check-out system, which requires you to scan your OV-chipkaart/ticket when getting on and off of the bus, or when entering and exiting the train station.

OV-chipkaart

All forms of public transport in the netherlands (Train, Bus, Tram) can be paid for using an OV-chipkaart. Tickets can be bought in the station or in the bus with a Dutch debit card, but you will have to pay for the whole train/bus line and not the distance to your destination. There are two types of OV-chipkaarts, anonymous and personal. Anonymous OV-chipkaarts can be bought in the station and can be useful for people who are staying in the Netherlands for a couple weeks. For longer stays, it is recommended to get a Personal OV-chipkaarts.
By making your own personal OV-chipkaart, you will be able to buy discounts, such as:

Group and Day Tickets

If you want to travel as a group it is cheaper to buy a Group ticket from the NS website, and if you want to travel alot in one day you can buy a Day ticket. Day tickets give you unlimited train for one day, this can be bought in the NS website or in supermarkets like Albert Hejin or HEMA.

Travel Planning

You can go to 9292.nl or NS (they also have a phone app) to find the schedule of all public transport in the Netherlands. This website/app will show you all you need for your travel such as number of stops or where the closes bus stop is.